Turkish Textile and Clothing Manufacturing Industry from 1980 To 2013

Topics: Economy, Industry, International trade Pages: 17 (4440 words) Published: April 29, 2014
Istanbul Bilgi University

Faculty of Economics and Admınıstrative Sciences

Business & Economics

Current Economic Issues: Turkey and the World Course

Coursework Paper

Prepared by: Şükrü Berk

Turkish Textile Manufacturing Industry
(1980-2013)

2014

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Contents ………………………………………………………………………2

Abstract ………………………………………………………………………4

1. Introduction…………………………………………………………………..5

2. A Brief Examination of Turkish Manufacturing Industry

2.1 The Importance of Manufacturing Industry…………………….. … 6 2.2 Turkish Manufacturing Industry in terms of Production and its Value Added in GDP……………………………………………………. …………………….7

3. A General Analysis of the Turkish Textile Industry under the Manufacturing from 1980 to 2013

3.1 The Importance of Textile Manufacturing Industry for Turkish Economy………..8 3.2 Turkish Textile & Clothing Industry in terms of Production……………………… 9 3.3 Exports and Imports in Turkish T&C Industry……………………………………..10 3.4 Employment in Turkish T&C Industry………………………………………. ……..11

3.4.1 Employment from Year to Year in Turkish Textile & Clothing Industry……12

3.5 Foreign Direct Investments to Turkish Textile and Clothing Industry…………….13 3.6 Research & Development in Turkish Textile and Clothing Industry………………13

3.6.1 Research and Development Expenditures in World…………………………….14 3.6.2 Research and Development Expenditures in Turkey……………………………15 3.6.3 Trends in World Textile and Apparel Industry………………………………….16

References…………………………………………………………………………………………17

TABLE OF FIGURES

Figure 1 Time Line of Events in Turkish Textile and Clothing Industry………5

Figure 2 Share of Manufacturing Industry Value Added in GDP……….6

Figure 3 Turkish Manufacturing Industry Production Index………………………6

Figure 4 Services Value Added vs Manufacturing Value Added in GDP…………..7

Figure 5 Turkish T&C Manufacturing Industry Production Index…………..8

Figure 6 Turkish T&C Industry Value Added in Total Manufacturing Industry….8

Figure 7 Manufacturing Industry and T&C Industry Capacity Utilization Rate…. 9

Figure 8 Share of T&C Industry Employment in Total Employment………….. 12
Figure 9 Employment Index for Turkish T&C Industry…………………………12

Figure 10 FDI inflow to Turkish T&C Industry and its Share on Total FDI………13

Figure 11 Research and Development expenditure in Turkey…………………….14

TABLE OF TABLES

Table 1 Turkish T&C Industry Export and Imports from 1980 to 2013…………10

LİST OF ABBREVİATİONS

ATC Agreement on Textiles and Clothing EU European Union
GDP Gross Domestic Product
WTO Word Trade Organization
T&C Textile & Clothing

ABSTRACT

Especially, in 1980’s, the world has stepped into a new area by new technological developments. These technological developments was started from America and Western countries. Thanks to these developments exports, imports, transportation and integration increased between developed countries enormously. In short, International trade traffic was emerged globalization. With the impacts of globalization, in 1980’s, Turkey changed its economic policy significantly with ‘’24 January Economic Decisions’’ and opened to foreign markets more. With this opening, Turkish manufacturing industry provided important growth in Turkey’s GDP in terms of; production, employment, exports and investments from 1980 to today. One of the most effective manufacturing industry that led to this growth in Turkey has been Textile and Clothing manufacturing Industry.

In that study, depending on this change, Turkish Textile and Clothing industries production,...
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