faSME TECHNICAL WORKING PAPERS SERIES
Working Paper No. 8 Thailand’s Manufacturing Competitiveness: Promoting Technology, Productivity and Linkages
This study was prepared in close collaboration with Dr. Somsak Tambunlertchai, UNIDO Project Director in Bangkok, and with the able assistance of the following project research assistants: Sunchai Booncharoen, Pornpinun Chuntapakdeepong, Peera Charoenporn, Thanit Songkran, Vipakorn Lewprasert, Poonlert Thipchartyothin and Jittima Niyomsanti. In addition to Dr. Somsak and his research team, the authors gratefully acknowledge the support and assistance of officials of the Office of Industrial Economics, Ministry of Industry, especially Dr. Damri Sukhotanang, Director-General, Mr. Udom Wongviwatchai, Director, Policy and Planning Division, Ms. Pairin Yamshinda, Senior Analyst, Policy and Planning Division, and Ms. Suphaporn Vilairuangsuwan, Analyst, Policy and Planning Division, without whom this study could not have been completed. Finally, the authors are grateful to Dr. Peter Brimble, CEO and President, Policy Research Brooker Group Public Company Limited, for discussing competitiveness issues in Thailand, and for providing numerous documents relevant to this study. The authors alone are responsible for any errors.
THAILAND’S MANUFACTURING COMPETITIVENESS: Promoting Technology, Productivity and Linkages by Shafiq Dhanani UNIDO Consultant and Philippe Scholtès UNIDO Industrial Development Officer
UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Small and Medium Enterprises Branch Programme Development and Technical Cooperation Division
Copyright © 2002 by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) First published September 2002
SME Technical Working Papers Series
The SME Technical Working Papers Series is a series of occasional papers arising from the work of the Small and Medium Enterprises Branch of the Programme Development and Technical Cooperation Division (PTC/SME) of UNIDO. It is intended as an informal means of communicating important insights and findings from the technical cooperation and research activities of the Branch to a wider public of interested development practitioners, policy-makers and academics. The Branch would welcome comments and suggestions on the issues raised in these papers, which may be addressed to: Wilfried Lütkenhorst Director, PTC/SME UNIDO P. O. Box 300 A-1400 Vienna Tel: +43 1 26026 4820/4821 Fax: +43 1 26026 6842 E-mail: email@example.com Previous publications in this series: Paper No. 1 Case Study on the Operation of Three Romanian Business Centres Paper No. 2 SME Cluster and Network Development in Developing Countries: The Experience of UNIDO Paper No. 3 Capacity Building for Private Sector Development in Africa Paper No. 4 Financing of Private Enterprise Development in Africa Paper No. 5 Assistance to Industrial SMEs in Vietnam Paper No. 6 Cluster Development and Promotion of Business Development Services (BDS): UNIDO’s Experience in India Paper No. 7 Women Entrepreneurship Development in Selected African Countries
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References: Figure 2 Manufacturing Performance, 1981-2000, (Average annual growth rates)
40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1981-1985 1986-1990 1991-1995 1996-2000 Total GDP Manufacturing valueadded Manufacturing exports
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