Manufacturing Systems in the Modernization of Manufacturing
Manufacturing system, to understand manufacturing system it is first essential to appreciate the context of manufacturing. Manufacturing is the organized activity devoted to the tranformation of raw materials into marketable goods (B.Wu, 1996). Manufacturing is the transformation of material into something useful and portable. In the sector of industry, manufacturing is called a secondary industry, because this is the sector of a nation’s economy that is concerned with the processing of raw materials supplied by the primary industry (agriculture, forestry. fishing, mining, extraction of minerals, and so on) into the end products. And there are two principal categories in manufacturing industries, they are consumer goods and capital goods. A manufacturing system usually employs a series of value-adding manufacturing processes to convert the raw materials into more useful forms and eventually into finished produts. A manufacturing system is a set of machines, transportation elements, computers, storage buffers, and other items that are used together for manufacturing (Stanley, 1994). The outputs from one manufacturing system may be utilized as the inputs to another. For example, in the United States, approximately 20 per cent of steel production and about 60 per cent of rubber products are used by the automotive manufacturing industry. A manufacturing system consist of several components, else. In a given system, these components usually include production machines plus tools, fixtures, and other related hardware, also material handling system, computer system to coordinate and/or control the above components and human workers. In manufacturing systems, we use the term workstation to refer to a location in the factory where some well-defined task or operation is accomplished by an automated machine, a worker-and-machine combination, or a worker using hand tools and/or portable powered tools. In...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document