Topics: Manufacturing, Enterprise resource planning, Industry Pages: 6 (1108 words) Published: October 1, 2014
Student ID 2513 100 155

I. Introduction
Manufacturing is a term for making goods or services. Manufacturing involves certain activities that related to each other, such as: a. Product Design,
b. Material Selection,
c. Process Planning,
d. Inventory Control,
e. Quality Control, and
f. Marketing.
Manufacturing process is a process of making a raw material to be finished good or semi-finished good so that the materials will have added value. The product could be made by various ways, such as: a. Formation Process,

b. Cutting Process,
c. Correlated Process,
d. Physical Treatment Process, and
e. Final Process.
The selection of the making process depends on:
a. Number of the product that will be made,
b. Product quality,
c. Production facilities, and
d. Machine standarization.
Manufacturing process is really needed for manufacturing industry. Through manufacturing process, manufacturing industry could have the knowledge of how making a product more efficient and more effective. Through manufacturing process, manufacturing industry will know the right way to produce the metal or the raw material so that the metal or raw material will have added value.

Figure 1
Example of Manufacturing Process

II. Development of Global Mannufacturing Industry
2.1 Technology in Manufacturing Process Management
There are three primary processes from product design until production process. First, engineers design what product that will they produce. Next, through Manufacturing Process Management (MPM) engineers will plan ways how they will produce the product. Then after designing and finding ways, engineers will decide when they will start to produce the product. (Shown in Figure 2.1.1)

Figure 2.1.1

Some of manufacturing company and engineers just focus on what product that they will produce. In reality, in this globalization era, company tend to act more competitive than before. Company and the engineers try to find any kind of way that could make their manufacturing process become efficient and effective. Today, companies not only try to find way to design their product and make them faster, but companies also try to find ways of how making products with minimal time-to-market, predictable cost, and required quality. To reach companies goals of effective and efficient manufacturing process, companies could adjust Manufacturing Process Management (MPM). Manufacturing Process Management (MPM) is a huge steps to relate product design and production process, in order to improve quality and reduce time-to-market. MPM gives benefits for companies, such as access improvement, and accuracy of production engineering by using some of application such as Manufacturing Execution System (MES), Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP), and Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system. Manufacturing Execution System is a control system for managing and monitoring work-in-process on a factory floor. Manufacturing Resource Planning is a method to optimise materials, procurement, manufacturing processes, and provide financial and planning reports. (Shown in Figure 2.1.2)

Figure 2.1.2

2.2 Technology in Human Resource Development
To manage the information system of a company, a company could use the ERP system. ERP or Enterprise Resource Planning is a computer software which integrates areas like planning, purchasing, inventory, sales, marketing, finance, human resource, etc. As shown in table 2.2.1, there are big different of the employee number of Human Resource of manufacturing industry in several country in ASEAN. These different could be caused by several reasons, such as: a. The company size

There will be big different of employee number for big manufacturing company and small manufacturing company. A big manufacturing company must be need a lot of workers, on the other hand a small manufacturing company doesn’t require...

References: Parametric Technology Corporation., accessed 22 February 2014
Sly, David. (2004). Manufacturing Process Management (MPM). Accessed 22 February 2014
Budiarto, Slamet. . Accessed 22 February 2014
United Nations Industrial Development Organization. Accessed 22 February 2014
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